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HIS 1. What is the difference between moral and natural liberty? A. Moral liberty is when each individual in a society is free to practice their

HIS 1. What is the difference between moral and natural liberty?

A.

Moral liberty is when each individual in a society is free to practice their own belief system and Natural liberty is when the naturally strong are allowed to dominate the naturally weak.

B.

Moral liberty is when society practices whatever system gives them the highest morale and Natural liberty is when the naturally strong are allowed to dominate the naturally weak.

C.

Moral liberty is when a group has the liberty to practice their own belief system and live in a society together where the rules of said belief system are enforced by the authorities, even against those who don’t believe the same.  Natural liberty is when individuals in a society are generally able to follow their own separate belief systems as they wish, within reason.  

D.

Natural liberty is when a group has the liberty to practice their own belief system and live in a society together where the rules of said belief system are enforced by the authorities, even against those who don’t believe the same.  Moral liberty is when individuals in a society are generally able to follow their own separate belief systems as they wish, within reason.  

1 points   

QUESTION 2

1. In what way did the so-called “Black Legend” influence English colonization of the New World?

A.

The “Black Legend” about the supposed evil Spanish Catholics who exploited the native peoples of the Americas motivated the English to colonize the New World.

B.

The “Black Legend” about the supposed evil Spanish Protestants who exploited the native peoples of the Americas motivated the English to colonize the New World.

C.

The “Black Legend” about the supposed evil Spanish Catholics who exploited the native peoples of the Americas discouraged the English from colonizing the New World.

D.

The Spanish “Black Legend” about the supposed evil Spanish Protestants who exploited the native peoples of the Americas discouraged the English from colonizing the New World.

1 points   

QUESTION 3

1. Describe the level of intermarriage between the Indians and the colonial powers.

A.

The English intermarried heavily with the Indians while the Spanish and French tended to stick to their own groups.

B.

The French intermarried heavily with the Indians while the English and Spanish tended to stick to their own groups.

C.

The Spanish and French intermarried heavily with the Indians while the English tended to stick to their own group.

D.

The Spanish and English intermarried heavily with the Indians while the French tended to stick to their own group.

1 points   

QUESTION 4

1. What European goods did Indians adopt for their own uses almost immediately after contact?

A.

Alcohol

B.

Metal kettles

C.

Guns

D.

A and B

E.

A, B, and C

1 points   

QUESTION 5

1. To which class did the first arrivals at Jamestown belong?

A.

Gentry or minor aristocratic types

B.

Very poor, destitute people

C.

Generally poor, but very responsible people

D.

Dukes, Earls, and Princes

1 points   

QUESTION 6

1. What was John Smith’s leadership style like?

A.

Strong toward the colonists and more conciliatory toward the Indians

B.

Weak toward the colonists and too lenient on the Indians

C.

Weak toward the colonists and brutal toward the Indians

D.

Strong toward the colonists and brutal toward the Indians

1 points   

QUESTION 7

1. What was the first elected assembly established in colonial America?

A.

U.S. Congress

B.

Virginia House of Burgesses

C.

Maryland House of Burgesses

D.

New York House of Burgesses

1 points   

QUESTION 8

1.
Which of the following crops did John Rolfe help bring to prominence in Virginia that helped transform the prospects of the Jamestown colony?

A.

Tobacco

B.

Corn

C.

Rice

D.

Cotton

1 points   

QUESTION 9

1. Cecilius Calvert, proprietor of the Maryland colony, originally envisioned Maryland as a place where everyone could get along.  Unfortunately for Calvert, his dedication to his ________ background undermined this goal.  

A.

Protestant

B.

Catholic

C.

Puritan

D.

Quaker

1 points   

QUESTION 10

1. What was the Mayflower Compact?

A.

A mini version of the Mayflower that the Plymouth colonists gifted to the Indians

B.

An agreement amongst the Pilgrims on the Mayflower that basically boiled down to “majority rules”

C.

An agreement amongst the Pilgrims on the Mayflower that basically boiled down to “minority rules”

D.

None of the above

1 points   

QUESTION 11

1. Why did relations with the Powhatans deteriorate after John Smith’s exit from Jamestown?

A.

The Indians continuously bullied and tried to dominate the colonists

B.

The Indians were just not interested in affiliating with the colonists

C.

The colonists stole from and bullied the Indians, against John Smith’s advice

D.

The colonists stole and bullied the Indians more effectively than John Smith

1 points   

QUESTION 12

1.
What were the “freedom dues”?

A.

The money, land, or other compensation due a slave upon being granted freedom

B.

The money, land, or other compensation due an indentured servant upon being granted freedom

C.

The money, land, or other compensation due an indentured servant’s family upon his or her death

D.

The money, land, or other compensation due a slave’s family upon his or her death

1 points   

QUESTION 13

1. In Massachusetts, which requirement to participate in public life was unique among the colonies?

A.

Land

B.

Paying taxes

C.

Church membership

D.

Had to be white

1 points   

QUESTION 14

1. How did the Puritans view the poor?

A.

They admired and celebrated poverty, just like Jesus Christ

B.

They hated poor people and thought they were responsible for their condition

1 points   

QUESTION 15

1. How did the English Civil War affect the colonies?

A.

It didn’t.

B.

It caused civil unrest which was primarily motivated by religious fervor

C.

It caused civil unrest which was primarily motivated by political fervor

D.

It caused civil unrest which was primarily motivated by economic disagreements

1 points   

QUESTION 16

1. Who was King Philip and why did he change his name?

A.

The King of England who changed his name to prove he was sufficiently Protestant

B.

The King of England who changed his name to prove he was sufficiently Catholic

C.

The Indian leader Metacom who changed his name after converting to Christianity

D.

None of the above

1 points   

QUESTION 17

1. Describe Mercantilism.

A.

Merchant-centered economy at the expense of farming

B.

Economic system where the so-called “Mother country” gathers raw materials from its colonies, makes products out of them, and then sells those products back to its colonies

C.

Economic system where the “Mother country” requires all foreign purchases made by its colonies to be first filtered through the Mother country’s ports and usually involves high tariffs or taxes on foreign purchases made by the colonies

D.

B and C

E.

A and B

1 points   

QUESTION 18

1. What foreign power were the Navigation Acts designed to quell?

A.

the Dutch

B.

the Spanish

C.

the Germans

D.

the British

1 points   

QUESTION 19

1. How did the attitudes of the Iroquois toward Europeans change over the course of the 17th century?

A.

Started out as English allies, but gradually became their enemy as they joined the side of the French

B.

Started out as enemies of the English, but gradually the two groups became allies

C.

Started out as French allies, but gradually became neutral toward all European powers

D.

Started out as English allies, but gradually became neutral toward all European powers

1 points   

QUESTION 20

1. What Caribbean island did many of the first European settlers of Carolina come from and why did they come?

A.

Barbados, because of a lack of available land

B.

Cuba, because of a lack of available land

C.

Hispaniola, because it was too crowded

D.

Jamaica, because it was too crowded

1 points   

QUESTION 21

1.
Describe Indian relations with the colony of Pennsylvania.

A.

Terrible under William Penn, but better after his death

B.

Great under William Penn and pretty good after his death

C.

Pretty good under William Penn, but great after his death

D.

Great under William Penn, but terrible after his death

1 points   

QUESTION 22

1. In the context of Pennsylvania, what was “the holy experiment”?

A.

Quakers-only colony

B.

Puritans-only colony

C.

Everyone was welcome (even if the morality standards of Pennsylvania’s leaders were still enforced on everyone) 

D.

Everyone was welcome with no restrictions

1 points   

QUESTION 23

1.
Why did Bacon’s rebellion break out in Virginia?

A.

The rebels wanted the Indians’ land

B.

The rebels were upset that Governor Berkley gave away all the good land to his friends and supporters

C.

Bacon, the ringleader, was an opportunist who was elite himself, but was looking to improve his position even more

D.

All of the above

1 points   

QUESTION 24

1.
What were some of the causes of the witch craze in Salem?

A.

Puritan anxiety over loss of power

B.

Seizure-like episodes that some children were having

C.

Threats of torture if the accused did not name accomplices

D.

A and C

E.

A, B, and C

1 points   

QUESTION 25

1. What was Triangular trade?

A.

Slaves from Africa to the New World, raw materials from the New World to Europe, and products from Europe sold back to both Africa and the New World

B.

Slaves from Africa, raw materials from Europe to the New World, and products from the New World sold back to Africa and the New World

1 points   

QUESTION 26

1.
What types of businesses were aided indirectly by the rise of the Atlantic Slave Trade?

A.

Shipbuilding

B.

Finance

C.

Insurance

D.

B and C

E.

A, B, and C

1 points   

QUESTION 27

1.
Most places north of Maryland had only a few slaves. What city was the exception to this general rule?

A.

Philadelphia

B.

Albany

C.

New Orleans

D.

Boston

E.

New York City

1 points   

QUESTION 28

1. What were some of the characteristics of the American Enlightenment?  

A.

Deism

B.

Scientific Inquiry

C.

Rationalism

D.

Moral Relativism

E.

A, B, and C

F.

A, B, C, and D

1 points   

QUESTION 29

1.
What was the religious response to the American Enlightenment?

A.

The Intolerable Acts

B.

The English Civil War

C.

The Great Awakening

D.

The Witch Craze

1 points   

QUESTION 30

1. What territory did France and Spain lose in the Peace of Paris in 1763?

A.

Canada

B.

Cuba

C.

Florida

D.

California

E.

A and C

F.

B and C

1 points   

QUESTION 31

1.
Why were the colonists so upset about the Stamp Act?

A.

It was a direct tax and all attempts to tax before that were more indirect

B.

The tax affected a broad section of society

C.

Everyone used lots of stamps because they sent so many letters back then

D.

“No taxation without representation”

E.

A, B, and C

F.

A, B, and D

1 points   

QUESTION 32

1. After the Revolutionary War, which states had the least amount of restrictions on who could vote?

A.

Vermont

B.

South Carolina

C.

Georgia

D.

New Jersey

1 points   

QUESTION 33

1. What did liberty tend to mean to Southerners after the Revolutionary War?

A.

The right to vote

B.

The right to be a free laborer 

C.

Leisure time

D.

Freedom of Speech

1 points   

QUESTION 34

1. In South Carolina, what percentage of the population descended from Africa by the 1730s?

A.

15%

B.

95%

C.

38%

D.

67%

1 points   

QUESTION 35

1.
Which of the following had the largest population in the mid-1700s?

A.

British America

B.

French America

C.

Spanish America

D.

Native America

1 points   

QUESTION 36

1.
Why did the British seek to impose taxes on the American colonies following the Seven Years’ War?

A.

Massive debt

B.

The war was fought mostly in the New World in defense of the colonies

C.

Greed

D.

A and B

E.

A, B, and C

1 points   

QUESTION 37

1. In 1775, the British marched to Concord to seize _____________.

A.

Counterfeit currency

B.

Slaves

C.

Weapons

D.

Goods smuggled from the Netherlands

1 points   

QUESTION 38

1.
Why did George Washington change his mind about recruiting black troops?

A.

Revolutionary values

B.

The British were recruiting them

C.

The British were persecuting them

D.

A and C

1 points   

QUESTION 39

1.
Which of the following foreign powers came to the aid of the Americans against the British?

A.

Netherlands

B.

France

C.

Spain

D.

B and C

E.

A and C

1 points   

QUESTION 40

1.
What percentage of Americans stayed loyal to the British during the war?

A.

50%

B.

75%

C.

0%

D.

25%

1 points   

QUESTION 41

1.
What Federal system of government directly preceded the Constitution the US has today?

A.

The British Crown

B.

The Articles of Confederation

C.

The Iroquois Confederacy

D.

The French Crown

1 points   

QUESTION 42

1.
What were some of the limitations of the system described in Question 21?

A.

No power to tax

B.

No Supreme Court

C.

No Executive Branch

D.

All of the above

1 points   

QUESTION 43

1.
Daniel Shays, who historically has been known as the leader of Shay’s Rebellion, was seeking what sort of relief from the government after the American Revolution?

A.

Temporary suspension of the collection of property tax debts

B.

The elimination of the ban on whiskey

C.

Expenses for the raising of a militia to fight local Indian tribes

D.

None of the above

1 points   

QUESTION 44

1.
Which two famous “founding fathers” were not at the Constitutional Convention due to their service abroad as diplomats at the time?

A.

Andrew Jackson and Henry Clay

B.

Thomas Jefferson and Bill Clinton

C.

James Madison and John Adams

D.

John Adams and Thomas Jefferson

1 points   

QUESTION 45

1. Approximately what percentage of Constitutional Convention delegates had attended college at the time of the Convention?

A.

About 33%

B.

About 50%

C.

100%

D.

0%

1 points   

QUESTION 46

1.

Approximately what percentage of 

 attended college at the time of the Constitutional Convention?

A.

About 33%

B.

About 50%

C.

Less than 1%

D.

About 10%

1 points   

QUESTION 47

1.
The word ‘slave’ does not appear in the text of the Constitution, but slaves are indirectly referred to as __________ in the _________________.

A.

The unfree, 2/3 clause

B.

The unfree, 3/5 clause

C.

All other persons, 3/5 clause

D.

All other persons, 2/3 clause

1 points   

QUESTION 48

1. At the Constitutional Convention, what was the difference between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan?

A.

Virginia Plan advocated for representation proportional to state population in Congress while the New Jersey Plan advocated for equal representation

B.

New Jersey Plan advocated for representation proportion to state population in Congress while the Virginia Plan advocated for equal representation

1 points   

QUESTION 49

1. Who were the writers of the Federalist Papers?

A.

Alexander Hamilton, Samuel Adams, John Hancock

B.

Samuel Adams, John Hancock, Patrick Henry

C.

Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, John Jay

D.

Samuel Adams, John Jay, John Hancock

1 points   

QUESTION 50

1. Who wrote the anti-Federalist articles in response to the Federalist Papers?

A.

Alexander Hamilton, Samuel Adams, John Hancock

B.

Samuel Adams, John Hancock, Patrick Henry

C.

Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, John Jay

D.

Samuel Adams, John Jay, Ron Swanson

1 points   

QUESTION 51

1.
What addition to the Constitution did the anti-Federalists call for?

A.

Abolition of slavery

B.

Bill of Rights

C.

Prohibition of alcohol

D.

Elimination of private property

1 points   

QUESTION 52

1. What did Thomas Jefferson think about black people?

A.

He was an unapologetic racist who hated black people

B.

He held contradictory positions on slavery and was unsure as to whether black people were intellectually equal to white people

C.

He thought black people would never forgive white people for putting them in bondage and therefore the races could never live harmoniously without slavery

D.

B and C

1 points   

QUESTION 53

1.
What was Alexander Hamilton’s plan to make the United States a great power on the world stage after the Revolutionary War?

A.

Creation of Bank of the United States

B.

Tax on Whiskey

C.

Government subsidies for factories

D.

Creation of a new national debt

E.

All of the above

1 points   

QUESTION 54

1.
What foreign issue helped create the first “factions” or political parties in the United States?

A.

The Atlantic Slave Trade

B.

The Napoleonic Wars

C.

The French Revolution

D.

The Russo-Japanese War

1 points   

QUESTION 55

1. What were the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798?

A.

Legislation to prevent a space alien invasion

B.

Extended the number of years it took to become a US citizen

C.

Prohibited criticism of the federal government

D.

B and C

1 points   

QUESTION 56

1.
What was the result of the Supreme Court case Marbury v. Madison?

A.

Judicial Review

B.

Legislative Review

C.

Executive Review

D.

None of the above

1 points   

QUESTION 57

1.
Why did the US go to war against Britain in 1812?

A.

British impressment of American sailors

B.

Misunderstandings about the slave trade

C.

American desire to conquer Britain

D.

American desire to assist the French

1 points   

QUESTION 58

1. What battle in the War of 1812 made Andrew Jackson famous?

A.

Battle of Antietam

B.

Battle of St. Louis

C.

Battle of New Orleans

D.

Battle of Charleston

1 points   

QUESTION 59

1. What political party faded away after opposing the War of 1812?

A.

Republicans

B.

Democrats

C.

Democratic-Republicans

D.

Federalists

1 points   

QUESTION 60

1. What was the only meaningful consequence of the War of 1812?

A.

Burning of the Capitol

B.

Loss of Canada by British

C.

Further weakening of the Native Americans

D.

Annexation of Cuba by the US

1 points   

QUESTION 61

1. Write a short paragraph answering the question.  You do not need to use more space than is given.  Give me details that show me that you know and understand the material.  Do not just pull facts from the multiple choice questions.  If you wish, you may list with bullet points where appropriate.

Describe how Quaker and Puritan religious beliefs differed.

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5 points   

QUESTION 62

1. Write a short paragraph answering the question.  You do not need to use more space than is given.  Give me details that show me that you know and understand the material.  Do not just pull facts from the multiple choice questions.  If you wish, you may list with bullet points where appropriate.

What did the Indians think of the Europeans’ culture, religion, and customs?  What did the Europeans think of the Indians?

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QUESTION 63

1. Write a short paragraph answering the question.  You do not need to use more space than is given.  Give me details that show me that you know and understand the material.  Do not just pull facts from the multiple choice questions.  If you wish, you may list with bullet points where appropriate.

What were some differences between slavery in the Chesapeake region and slavery in South Carolina?

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QUESTION 64

1. Write a short paragraph answering the question.  You do not need to use more space than is given.  Give me details that show me that you know and understand the material.  Do not just pull facts from the multiple choice questions.  If you wish, you may list with bullet points where appropriate.

What happened at the so-called Boston Massacre?  How did British and American accounts differ?

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QUESTION 65

1. Write a short paragraph answering the question.  You do not need to use more space than is given.  Give me details that show me that you know and understand the material.  Do not just pull facts from the multiple choice questions.  If you wish, you may list with bullet points where appropriate.

What did the “Founding Fathers” think about slavery?

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QUESTION 66

1. Write a short paragraph answering the question.  You do not need to use more space than is given.  Give me details that show me that you know and understand the material.  Do not just pull facts from the multiple choice questions.  If you wish, you may list with bullet points where appropriate.

How did America change after the Revolution?

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QUESTION 67

1. Write a short paragraph answering the question.  You do not need to use more space than is given.  Give me details that show me that you know and understand the material.  Do not just pull facts from the multiple choice questions.  If you wish, you may list with bullet points where appropriate.

What was the impact of the American Revolution on the rest of the world?

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QUESTION 68

1. Write a short paragraph answering the question.  You do not need to use more space than is given.  Give me details that show me that you know and understand the material.  Do not just pull facts from the multiple choice questions.  If you wish, you may list with bullet points where appropriate.

Why did the British lose the Revolutionary War?  

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